College Entrance Exams SAT and ACT
Many colleges require scores from either the SAT or ACT as part of their admissions process. Learn about the different tests and how to prepare for them.
And some more competitive colleges may or require or recommend submission of SAT Subject Tests scores.
Check the colleges that interest you to see what, if any, tests are required or recommended.
If a test is required or desirable, you may want to consider taking both the ACT and SAT to see which results in the higher score. The formats and content areas tested are different, so you may find yourself more comfortable with one and do better.
Check with your colleges of interest to see what the typical range of scores are for students they accept.
Practice Tests: PSAT and PreACT
To prepare for the SAT, take the PSAT (Preliminary SAT). To prepare for the ACT, take the PreACT to practice for the real exams. Sometimes high schools arrange for their students to take these tests in their sophomore year. Check with your counselor.
Even if you take a practice test earlier, you should always take the PSAT/NMSQT (National Merit Qualifying Test) in the fall of your junior year. The scores on this test are used to determine National Merit Scholars. This test is often offered directly through your high school. Check with your counselor for dates.
Taking the SAT/ACT
The SAT and ACT are offered several times a year. You can take the tests more than once. Take them the first time early in your junior year. This gives you time to take them again and try to improve your test scores.
Check out SAT test dates.
Check out ACT test dates.
About the SAT
The SAT is made up of three sections and an optional essay:
- Writing and Language
- Math (consists of two subsections: no calculator and calculator
- Essay (optional but some schools require or recommend it)
SAT total scores range from 400-1600. The total score is the sum of the section scores, including 200-800 for Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and 200-800 for Math. The optional essay is scored separately. You’ll receive three scores for each dimension (reading, analysis and writing) ranging from 2-8.
The national average SAT score is between 1050-1060. An impressive score is considered at or above 1340. A low score is considered at or below 910.
For more information about the SAT and PSAT, visit CollegeBoard.org.
About the ACT
The ACT has four sections:
- Writing (optional – check with the colleges to see if this is needed)
The ACT scores ranges from 1-36. The overall composite score is an average of four subject area scores: English, Math, Reading, and Science. Each section is also scored on a scale of 1-36. Students can choose to take the optional writing section that is scored separately. Scores range from 1-12.
New York State's average ACT scores is 24.5, the national average is 20.8.
For more information about the ACT or PreACT, visit ACT.org.
About the SAT Subject Tests
SAT Subject Tests are hour-long tests that allow you to demonstrate your knowledge in specific academic areas where you excel. Students are able to sit for 3 separate tests on one exam date.
There are 20 tests on individual subjects including literature, history, mathematics, science and languages. It is important to know that not all exams are offered during each exam date. Check the Collegeboard website for your specific subjects' test schedules.
Some colleges may require students to submit SAT Subject tests as part of their application to the school.
SAT Subject Test scores are reported on a scale of 200-800. Languages tests with listening include subscores on a scale of 20-80. Average scores differ depending on the subject test but many colleges are happy with scores of 650 or above.
For more information about the SAT Subject Tests, visit CollegeBoard.org.
SAT and ACT FAQ
- Should I take the SAT or ACT?
- Check with the colleges you want to apply to and see if they have a preference.
If your college will accept either, talk to your teachers and guidance counselors about which test will give you the best opportunity to showcase your academic apitude. You may consider taking both tests. If possible, take both preliminary tests (PSAT and PreACT) your sophomore year or early in your junior year, as this will provide you with valuable test-taking experience.
- Writing and Language
- What scores are counted if I take the SAT or ACT more than once?
- Most colleges consider your best score. Some colleges only want you to send your best scores, and some colleges want all your scores. Check with your college to see what their policy is.
Some colleges superscore your test results, which means they consider your highest scores in each section across multiple test dates. For example, let’s say you took your SAT twice and these are your scores:
Evidence-Based Reading & Writing 530
Evidence-Based Reading & Writing 570
With superscoring, when you submit your scores colleges will count your math score from October and your evidence-based reading and writing score from January for a total score of 1210.
- What if I score low?
- You can take the tests more than once to try to improve your scores. Keep in mind that colleges will just look at the highest score in each section.
Should I take SAT Subject Tests?
Some colleges recommend or require one or more SAT Subject Tests as part of the application and use your scores to place you into the right courses, so always check with the colleges you’re interested in first.
SAT Subject Tests give you the opportunity to highlight your strengths in subject areas where you excel.
- How do I study for the tests?
- Many high schools offer prep classes or use of study guides – check with your counselor.
Many study guides are available. Before buying, check with your school counselor, school library and local library to see if they have copies you can borrow.
CollegeBoard.com and ACTstudent.org offer free online study guides, practice tests and registration for emailed questions of the day. More extensive study options may be purchased on the sites.
Prep courses are also available through private prep companies, including Sylvan Learning, Princeton Review and Kaplan Test Prep, but these charge a fee. Explore the free study help offered by the test administrators before purchasing study aids.
- Do I have to pay for these tests?
- Yes, there is a registration fee for each test. You can pay by credit card, check or money order. Your registration fee is nonrefundable, if for whatever reason you do not sit for the test. You may be eligible to receive a waiver that would allow you take the tests for free. If you can’t afford the test fee, contact your high school counselor.
- How do I register?
- The easiest and fastest way is online:
• SAT – http://sat.collegeboard.org/register
• ACT – http://www.actstudent.org
You can also register by mail. You must register by mail if you are paying by check or money order. To register by mail, ask your counselor for the SAT Paper Registration Guide or ACT registration packet.
For help filling out the registration forms, or if you have questions or special circumstances, go to http://sat.collegeboard.org/register/special-circumstances (SAT) or http://www.actstudent.org/regist/index.html (ACT).
- Do the tests accommodate students with learning differences?
- You may be eligible to have accommodations made to your test setting if you have a documented disability. This may mean wheelchair accessibility, seating where you can hear best or lip-read, a printed copy of spoken directions, extended time, or access to a snack due to a medical condition.
Students can request for accommodations and approval on the Collegeboard website for the SAT and ACT website for the ACT. Students should apply as soon as possible. The deadline for requests is usually a month before the student's scheduled exam. Documentation to support a student's request is required, please contact your guidance counselor when completing these forms.
What about special circumstances?
Accommodation for special circumstances for SAT and ACT testing, such as Sunday testing for religious reasons, testing for students that are home schooled, taking the test under the age of 13 or over the age of 21, and taking the test closer to home if you live more than 75 miles from the nearest test center, may be available.
Learn more at CollegeBoard.com and ACT.org.